did not return to Louisiana after 1703. He left the command of the colony
to his younger brother Jean-Baptiste
de Bienville, and died fighting the English in the Antilles in 1706.
In 1709, the French took Pensacola from the Spanish, and later returned
it. A very difficult time ensued: the war in Europe left the fledgling
colony isolated. Unaware of the resources the region possessed, the colonists
had to depend on the Indians for their subsistence. In religious matters,
the Jesuits and priests from the Missions Etrangères shared missionary
and church-related activities. In 1711, after a catastrophic flood, the
town of Mobile was relocated closer to the sea, and the new Mobile became
the capital of Louisiana. At the mouth of the bay, Dauphin Island served
as a deep-water port, until it was destroyed in a cyclone in 1717.
||Du Sault, View of the Dauphin Island
BNF, Cartes et Plans, SH 138 (10-8 d)