Jazz and creole music

The Louisiana Afro-French spiritual, which the few surviving Catholics who were still singing it in 1960 called a "canticle", is almost completely lost today. It was inspired by French priests seeking to convert blacks by the method most dear to them, that of music. Several recordings survive. In the early years of the 20th century, both Mississippi blues and New Orleans jazz sometimes used melodies from French songs, which become progressively reshaped and played to a more syncopated rhythm. This is the case with some songs by Jelly Roll Morton, the first jazzman, whose real name was Ferdinand La Menthe. Amos White's New Orleans Creole Jazz Band, King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band (where Louis Armstrong got his start) and Kid Ory's Creole Orchestra are the most well-known examples of this.

Kid Ory and his creole jazz band, Creole Bo Bo
New Orleans Jazz, COL 471557 4, n° 5 (face 2)
Sony Music, 1994