20th century literature
Louisiana's French literature dropped off sharply in the first half of the 20th century. French was banned at schools in 1916, and the last surviving French journal, L'Abeille, ceased publication in 1917. The New Orleans Opera, the symbolic heart of Francophone culture, was not rebuilt after it burned down. The creation of the CODOFIL, currently presided over by Warren Perrin, has made possible the revival and affirmation of Cajun cultural identity. Talented poets and writers such as Richard Guidry, Jean Arceneaux, David Chéramie and Beverly Matherne are helping to revive a literature that has always been marked by violence and nostalgia.